Welcome to the second edition of your Athens newsletter!
May 7, 2019
Utilize this newsletter to learn more about your mentors, team members, trip details and our host event!
Below is a checklist to make sure you are up-to-date. Be sure to visit & bookmark the Living Sport Athens Portal where all details can be found. Documents that still need to be submitted should be uploaded to your Dropbox folder that was sent to you via e-mail.
Passport: A copy of the photo page is needed for our records.
Student ID: A student ID (even if it is expired) can help secure you free admission to many attractions in Athens. Be sure to upload it to your Dropbox file and bring it with you on the trip!
Medical Records/Emergency Contact Forms: Both of these forms are very important and will be kept on file as we travel in case of an emergency.
Newsletter Questions & Answers and Accompanying Photos: We want to learn about you! Our newsletter will help our Athens team get to know one another prior to the trip. Please submit these items so we can feature you in a future issue.
Travel Insurance: Policies will be sent directly to your email and should be received in the next three (3) weeks. We will provide confirmation via this section in the newsletter when the policies are sent out.
Flight Information: Our Athens ‘19 team members will be booking your own personal flights. We had sent out instructions via e-mail and listed your mentor’s flight that you can join if you would prefer to travel with a mentor. Please book flights ASAP. All flight itineraries (including flight numbers and times) should be uploaded to Dropbox. If you have any questions about this please reach out directly to Alicia at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Trip Information: You can find the Athens itinerary, lodging details, and emergency contact information for Living Sport on the online portal as well.
Social Media: Be sure to follow and like Living Sport's social media pages! Use the hashtags #iamlivingsport and #LivingAthens2019 to document your trip.
Like many other countries in Europe, Greece uses the Euro as its form of currency. The Euro comes in notes and coins. The current exchange rate as of today (5/7/19) is 1 Euro = 1.12 US Dollars. When traveling you have a few options on how to exchange money.
Before the Trip:
Many banks in the United States allow customers to purchase common forms of currency, such as Euros. Be sure to ask a local teller if the bank offers this service and if there is a fee to exchange. Also ask about the exchange rate. Compare the bank exchange rate to global exchange rate charts online. The rates should be comparable. Buying currency ahead of time from a bank usually means you will have to wait a day or two for it to arrive, so be sure to allow time.
During the Trip:
ATM: It is not necessary to have the local foreign currency on-hand before you travel, however, with Greece it is not a bad idea. You will get a better exchange rate if you withdraw money from an ATM using a debit card rather than exchanging money at the airport. ATMs exist in all major Greek towns and cities - you will find them in banks, commercial centers, supermarkets, airports, ferry ports, metro stations and other public places. Foreign ATMs offer access to cash in the local currency without charging inflated conversational rates. Make sure to keep in mind that some ATMs in Greece will offer two exchange rates. One is normally a lot more than the other so be sure to learn what your own bank will charge you for withdrawing cash abroad, and when given an option, you should always use the local currency exchange rate at the ATM. Keep in mind there is a chance an ATM can run out of cash, especially on smaller Greek islands, so be sure to prepare in advance!
Be sure to call your card-issuing bank before you travel to notify them you are traveling abroad. Some card issuers charge foreign fees, and some do not. Ask the bank representative about any fees that you may encounter if using the card.
Cash: It is a good idea to always have cash on hand in Greece. When being given cash, avoid having anything larger than 50 Euro in your wallet.
Credit Card: Visa and MasterCard are widely used across Europe and offer fair exchange rates, however, Greece has only recently begun to have widespread credit card use. You will likely be able to use your credit card at shops and hotels. Bars and tavernas can have faulty credit card machines on occasion so be sure to have cash on hand just in case.
Some card readers will accept your card as is, but others may prompt you to enter your PIN — so it's important to know the code for each of your credit cards. Be sure to call your credit card and inform them of your travel and ask about your card's PIN number. Your PIN number must be four-digits to work in Greece. Make sure it is not longer and no shorter, and that it doesn’t contain American letters as Greece uses the Greek alphabet. Some cards do charge international fees, so you should also confirm if any fees are associated with using your card.
Currency Exchange Booths: While currency exchange booths found at airports and around town are convenient, they tend to charge high rates, sometimes up to 15%.
MEET YOUR MENTOR:
SHANE BAGLINI - Board chair, living sport & Associate Director, Marketing, Northampton Community College
SHANE’S SPORT BUSINESS BIO:
Shane currently serves as Chair of Living Sport’s Advisory Board. Shane and Alicia Marinelli, Founder/CEO of Living Sport, were former colleagues that both shared the same passion for the sport industry. Although their careers had taken different paths over the years, they have remained connected and have worked together on numerous sport-related projects ever since. Since Living Sport was founded, Shane has been involved in two Living Sport experiences and loves connecting with young professionals.
Shane also currently serves as Associate Director of Marketing at Northampton Community College in Bethlehem, PA where he is responsible for all enrollment marketing for the college. Prior to that, Shane served as Manager, Business Development and Client Relations at Comcast Spectacor, one of the preeminent sports and entertainment companies in the country. In his role, Shane was responsible for developing new business proposals and servicing existing stadium, arena, conference and convention center, municipal and collegiate clients in the areas of ticketing, venue management, food service and hospitality, and corporate partnerships. Some of the clients won as a result of Shane’s work included Radford University, City of Baltimore, City of Los Angeles, Pocono Raceway, and the Holiday Bowl; as well as servicing existing clients such as the City of Philadelphia, Army Navy Game, University of Phoenix Stadium, University of Miami, Wells Fargo Center, and du Forum and du Arena (Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates), among others.
Prior to joining Comcast Spectacor, Shane served as Communications Director at Valley Preferred Cycling Center in Trexlertown, PA. Here he was responsible for all internal and external communications, as well as event management, corporate partnerships, food service and hospitality, and more. Shane and his then colleague Alicia, worked together to transform Valley Preferred Cycling Center from a world-class cycling facility to a family entertainment destination.
Shane obtained his B.S. in Sport Management in 2010 and M.S in Sport Management in 2013 from East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania. In his spare time, he is a member of the Kutztown University Sport Management Advisory Board, and the American Lung Association’s LUNGFORCE Walk/Run Committee. Shane resides in Allentown, PA and is a diehard fan of the Miami Dolphins, San Antonio Spurs, Duke Blue Devils Basketball, and Philadelphia Phillies.
WE ASKED SHANE THE SAME QUESTIONS AS YOU!
What made you want to get into the sports industry? I’ve been playing and watching sports my whole life. What better career than getting paid to watch sports? I love that Living Sport allows me to stay connected to sport, and specifically helping young professionals advance or begin their career.
What is your favorite sport? Favorite sports teams? Favorite sport to play is golf and to watch is football (Miami Dolphins) | Favorite teams: Dolphins, Spurs, Phillies, Duke Basketball
What job would you like to have in 5 years? I’d like to be Director of Marketing at a four year college or university. I can also see myself back in sports in a few years.
What is your dream job? Director of Marketing at Augusta National Golf Club or a Marketing role at ESPN.
What is a unique trait that you bring to our team? I think I can take some of what I’ve learned being outside of the sports industry to give a more rounded view of business. I’ve also done the Living Sport Barcelona trip in 2017 and London in 2018, so I know what to expect, and hopefully that is a benefit to the participants.
What is your biggest sport business accomplishment so far? I basically accomplished my goal when getting a job with Comcast Spectacor working in the Wells Fargo Center. I told my boss that literally everything I did from graduating college to graduating grad school was done with working in that building in mind, and it happened.
What do you hope to gain through the International Sport Business Program? Taking part in this program gives me a different perspective of the industry I love. It allows me to stay connected to sport and help young people find their way.
Favorite city or country you have visited? Barcelona. Athens is going to be a serious challenger!
What’s a hobby, a fun fact about you, or hidden talent you may have? In high school we had Shane Baglini Day two consecutive years. I was dared by a friend to wear shorts every day of the school year. If I did he would announce it was Shane Baglini Day and everyone should wear shorts (he did the morning announcements). The second year I dared the principal that if I wore shorts every day she would have to wear shorts the last week of the year. I did it and we had the Second Annual Shane Baglini Day, and she and faculty wore shorts for a day.
What college/university did you attend? Major? Where do you reside now? I attended East Stroudsburg University, majoring in Sport Management. I received both a Bachelor's and Master's Degree. I currently live in Allentown, Pennsylvania.
Let’s get to know the ATHENS 2019 team!
Heather Del Cervo
What made you want to get into the sports industry? Halfway through college I was in a bit of a rut with deciding what I wanted to do with my life. Growing up, my dad always joked that one of us four kids should work for the Boston Bruins one day so he could take advantage of our employee perks. We always laughed about it never taking it very seriously. One day I went to a Bruins game with my family and as we walked down the tunnel to the dimly lit arena with the organ music playing in the background and that game day buzz in the air, I just thought to myself… I could work here. Something that my family always joked about suddenly became the fire under me to start my journey in the sport industry.
What is your favorite sport? Favorite sports teams? I grew up in a hockey family. My childhood weekends consisted of driving around New England to watch my brothers play in games and tournaments until I finally laced up my own pair of skates at 10 years old. After that first practice, it was safe to say I was hooked. Hockey gave me a place in the world and helped me come out of my shell in so many ways. It has truly changed my life. I am a diehard Boston Bruins fan so much so that I get goosebumps when I hear “Shipping Up to Boston” by Dropkick Murphys. Other than hockey the only other sport I follow is football. I am a proud Green Bay Packers fan because that’s who I grew up watching with my dad and let’s be real, cheese is hands down the best mascot.
What job would you like to have in 5 years? I don’t know that I could narrow down an exact job that I want to have in 5 years. I kind of fell into my current Marketing & Promotions role with Yale Athletics and I love it, however I would like to explore other fields within the industry to see if there is another position that would suit me well.
What is your dream job? What’s your next job? Growing up my answer to this question would be to work with the Boston Bruins. As I began my career in the sport industry I would say that I do not have an exact answer for this question. I am still young in my career and have only seen a small portion of what this industry has to offer. I want to explore various positions and find the best fit for me.
What is a unique trait that you bring to our team? I think my excitement and willingness to learn will bring a lot to the team. I am a strong believer that there is always more to learn even when you think you know it all. I have been at Yale for over a year now and every day I am learning something new. It’s what keeps the job exciting. I am also very excited to learn about everyone else’s experiences and stories as well as the Greek culture.
What is your biggest sport business accomplishment so far? My biggest sport business accomplishment so far has been working in the Yale Athletics Department. During my time at Yale I have been successful in planning and executing a variety of events including Youth Days, Military Appreciation Days, Field Trips Days and so on. The long nights and stress of the job has only made me want to succeed even more and it truly has been an incredible experience.
What do you hope to gain through the International Sport Business Program? I hope to gain a new and unique view of the sport industry through the International Business Program. I have seen the sport industry at almost every level in the United States, so I am eager to learn about it in an international setting. I am also very excited to meet and mingle with everyone else in the program. It will be great to be able to share my experiences and learn about others!
Favorite city or country you have visited? I was bitten by the travel bug back in college when my sister and I visited a friend in Florence, Italy. From the moment I stepped on the cobblestone streets of Florence I knew it was a special place. The culture, food, hospitality, history and overall feeling of the city is something that I have not experienced anywhere else. As my very first international experience, Florence will always hold a special place in my heart and I look forward to the day I can visit it once again.
What’s a hobby, a fun fact about you, or hidden talent you may have? I love to do anything that includes the outdoors. When the weather is nice you can find me hiking, camping, playing yard games, or just sitting outside with a good book. Nothing brings out my competitive side more than an intense game of backyard volleyball! In the winter I love to ski with my family or gather some friends for a good game of pond hockey.
What college do/did you attend? What was your Major? What city do you reside in currently? I graduated from the University of Connecticut in 2017 with my Bachelor’s in Sport Management. My entire family went to UConn so I was born to be a Husky! I currently reside in my hometown of Hamden, Connecticut just north of New Haven.
What made you want to get into the sports industry? My love for sports growing up.
What is your favorite sport? Favorite sports teams? Soccer / Juventus
What job would you like to have in 5 years? Any position with a professional team.
What is your dream job? What’s your next job? Manager for soccer club, not quite sure.
What is a unique trait that you bring to our team? Leadership
What is your biggest sport business accomplishment so far? Just started, but probably attending this program.
What do you hope to gain through the International Sport Business Program? Good connections and a good work experience.
Favorite city or country you have visited? Buffalo, New York
What’s a hobby, a fun fact about you, or hidden talent you may have? I play soccer all the time, basically whenever I have any free time.
What college do/did you attend? What was your Major? What city do you reside in currently? I currently attend West Liberty University. My major is Sport Management. I live in New Martinsville, West Virginia.
What made you want to get into the sports industry? I grew up active in travel soccer and had a passion for the sport. I wanted to get a business degree, which would prove to be valuable for my future, but wanted to have a focus on something that I was genuinely interested in. Because of my love for playing and watching sports, I then went into university with a major in Sport Management.
What is your favorite sport? Favorite sports teams? My favorite sport is soccer! My favorite soccer teams are the National Women’s Soccer League (NWSL) team Orlando Pride, and the United States women’s national soccer team (USWNT). I’m also a Philadelphia Eagles fan!
What job would you like to have in 5 years? In 5 years I would like to have a full-time job within the professional sports industry. Hopefully it is with a soccer team, but any sport will do! I would love to work specifically with a women’s professional soccer team.
What is your dream job? What’s your next job? My dream job is to work for the USWNT. As of now, my next job is with the Wilmington Blue Rocks, a Minor League Baseball team.
What is a unique trait that you bring to our team? I think that having a background playing sports at highly competitive levels can help the team have an insider perspective. I also have loads of experience traveling, which I think can help when we work abroad.
What is your biggest sport business accomplishment so far? I have a job with a Minor League Baseball team. Also, I had a class taught by the President of the Delaware Blue Coats (NBA G League basketball team) and another class taught by Joe Valerio, a former NFL player!
What do you hope to gain through the International Sport Business Program? I hope to gain a hands-on experience working in sports. I also hope that the international aspect helps me stand out from other applicants in future job interviews.
Favorite city or country you have visited? The Outback of Australia!
What’s a hobby, a fun fact about you, or hidden talent you may have? I can juggle a soccer ball and do an around-the-world.
What college do/did you attend? What was your Major? What city do you reside in currently? I am currently a student at Arcadia University in Glenside, PA as a Sport Management major. When I’m not at school I live in Wilmington, DE.
What made you want to get into the sports industry? I have been a part of sports throughout my whole life. My father put me in almost every sport one could think of until I found one that I loved. Throughout my time as a athlete, I also formed a love for the different games I played while becoming a spectator. I enjoyed family gatherings and even one on ones with my dad where we would watch a football or basketball game. I have also wondered what truly goes into the execution of a sporting event. I have been a part of the sports world for majority of my life and even after I am done collegiately, I would like to stay in the sports world.
What is your favorite sport? Favorite sports teams? My favorite sports to watch are football and basketball. I love playing field hockey. My favorite teams are the Dallas Cowboys, Boston Celtics, and Oregon State football because I have a friend who plays for them.
What job would you like to have in 5 years? My ideal job I would like to have in 5 years is to be the head of operations for a major sports team. Ideally, I would love to work for either a professional football or basketball program.
What is your dream job? What’s your next job? My dream job is to be commissioner representative for the NFL. Ideally, I want to be the first female commissioner. Also, I find it cool to be the one on the stage during the drafts. Another dream job I would want is to be the female version of what Magic Johnson was for the Lakers.
What is a unique trait that you bring to our team? My ability to find the good things in a bad situation. I do not like when others are upset or sad so my eagerness to console them and lift their spirits is something that I love doing. I love having fun and having a good time. I feel as though this experience is to have fun but to also be serious in the right moments.
What is your biggest sport business accomplishment so far? Since being new to the field, I believe gaining this opportunity to go abroad with Living Sport is by far by biggest accomplishment. This is an accomplishment that I will forever be grateful for. This is my first step into the sports business world, and I am happy for the opportunity.
What do you hope to gain through the International Sport Business Program? The experience of traveling to a new country and embracing new people and a new culture. I also hope to gain more knowledge about sports business like what it takes to plan and execute sporting events, but to also understand the business side that goes into the different types of sports teams.
Favorite city or country you have visited? My favorite country that I have visited would have to be Barbados. I visited when I was in middle school with my aunt for our uncle’s surprise party. Seeing the island that my family is from was the best experience that I could have. Seeing family I have never met, trying foods that I have never had, and living in a culture that I have never experienced was amazing. It was beautiful there and I would love to go back to see everyone that I met many years ago.
What’s a hobby, a fun fact about you, or hidden talent you may have? I am an extreme sneaker head who owns tons of shoes. I purchase different brands and styles of sneakers that I see and love throughout time online or in stores. Fun fact is that I am partially deaf in my left ear due to a field hockey accident. I got hit during a game that lead to me rushed to the emergency room and never fully regained my hearing. I honestly wished I had a hidden talent that I could do when people ask but sadly I do not.
What college do/did you attend? What was your Major? What city do you reside in currently? I am a NCAA Division III field hockey player at Manhattanville College located in Purchase, New York in the West Chester area. My major is Sports Studies with a minor in Business Management. I am from Wilmington, Delaware.
What made you want to get into the sports industry? I want to do what I love and being around sport excites me everyday.
What is your favorite sport? Favorite sports teams? My favorite sport is basketball. My favorite teams are the NY Giants and whatever team LeBron James is on.
What job would you like to have in 5 years? I would like to be a NCAA Division I coach.
What is your dream job? What’s your next job? Being a Division I coach or being a GM for an NBA team.
What is a unique trait that you bring to our team? I am a very energetic and positive person. I believe I make others work harder because of my energy.
What is your biggest sport business accomplishment so far? Being an NCAA Division I Women’s Basketball Manager.
What do you hope to gain through the International Sport Business Program? I want to experience a different aspect of the sports business and meet great people that I can learn from.
Favorite city or country you have visited? Los Angeles, CA
What’s a hobby, a fun fact about you, or hidden talent you may have? I like to write poetry in my free time.
What college do/did you attend? What was your Major? What city do you reside in currently? I attend Saint Joseph’s University in Philadelphia where I am a double major in Finance and Business Analytics.
What made you want to get into the sports industry? I wanted to get into the sports industry because I enjoy sports and enjoy watching sports. Going to games is always exciting no matter what team you are cheering for, and the best games are the ones that have you sitting at the edge of your seat.
What is your favorite sport? Favorite sports teams? I love baseball, football and hockey. My favorite college teams are LSU and Campbell University. For professional teams, I like the Washington Capitals and Nationals. I also like the Arizona Cardinals and the New Orleans Saints.
What job would you like to have in 5 years? I hope I am a news reporter or a digital marketing creator for a company.
What is your dream job? What’s your next job? My dream job is to be an anchor for a light-hearted/entertainment news cast like Good Morning America (GMA).
What is a unique trait that you bring to our team? I am an outgoing person when I get comfortable around people. I like to have a good time and enjoy trying new things.
What is your biggest sport business accomplishment so far? I have interned with a Minor League Baseball team called the Buies Creek Astros who are now called the Fayetteville Woodpeckers as their production assistant.
What do you hope to gain through the International Sport Business Program? I want to gain international experience. I also want to gain more experience in social media content and event managing.
Favorite city or country you have visited? My favorite city is probably Orlando, Florida simply because my family and I are big Disney fans and Disney World is there.
What’s a hobby, a fun fact about you, or hidden talent you may have? I’m a terrible cook, but a pretty good baker.
What college do/did you attend? What was your Major? What city do you reside in currently? By the time I go on this trip, I will be a graduate from Campbell University. I will have a Bachelor of Science and Arts Degree, focusing on Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Sports Broadcasting and Electronic Media and Public Relations. I am also seeking online graduate schools to earn a Master’s in Communications. I am from Havelock, North Carolina.
Learn about the “The Adventure Agency of Greece” that runs our event, Oceanman Greece! The WayOut Adventures team is dedicated to connecting people - both locals and tourists - with the Greek nature through outdoor activities. The members of the staff at WayOut Adventures have business and science backgrounds, with much experience in education, sports and tourism, therefore providing tourist, sport and educational consulting. Some of the programs offered and run by WayOut Adventures include Attica Coastline sea kayaking, hiking & yoga retreat at Mt. Olympus, ski tours, surf trips and of course, Oceanman Greece! Check out more information on WayOut Adventures here: https://www.wayoutadventures.gr/en/
FOR THE FOODIES
Meze or Mezze | You may have heard of this before, but what actually is meze? Translated it means “taste” or “bite”. Meze is small plates, similar to Spanish tapas, where multiple plates of delicious Greek food are served one after another, after another. They are not appetizers that come before the meal but instead small plates that the group can share while enjoying a drink and great conversation in a communal atmosphere. Meze consists of cold and hot snacks which can include tzatziki, saganaki, feta, salads, lamb, phyllo triangles, grilled veggies, watermelon, calamari and saganaki (skillet-fried cheese dish), among a variety of other delicacies!
Frappé or Freddo | Greeks have a tradition of drinking iced coffee all year round. Especially when the temperature reaches 35°C, you will likely not see anyone with a hot coffee! Greeks will instead choose to drink frappés or freddos. A frappé is a foam-covered iced coffee drink made from instant coffee, sugar, ice cubes and water. It is made with a shaker or mixer and available at nearly all cafes. You can choose between three different levels of sweetness: plain (skétos), medium (métrios) or sweet (glykós)!
Freddos come in two versions: Freddo Espresso and Freddo Cappuccino. Freddo Cappuccino is the iced version of the regular cappuccino coffee, and usually has a small amount of cold frothed milk on top of it. Freddo Espresso is the cold version of espresso coffee. It’s made with a double shot of espresso coffee mixed in a mixer with ice cubes.
A frappé at a good takeaway price should cost €1 and a Fredo Cappuccino €1.50. Any more than that means you’re paying tourist prices!
THE REAL STORY OF THE ANCIENT OLYMPIC GAMES
(Penn Museum, 2018) The ancient Olympic Games were primarily a part of a religious festival in honor of Zeus, the father of the Greek gods and goddesses. The festival and the games were held in Olympia, a rural sanctuary site in the western Peloponnesos.
The Greeks that came to the Sanctuary of Zeus at Olympia shared the same religious beliefs and spoke the same language. The athletes were all male citizens of the city-states from every corner of the Greek world, coming from as far away as Iberia (Spain) in the west and the Black Sea (Turkey) in the east.
The sanctuary was named in antiquity after Mt. Olympos, the highest mountain in mainland Greece. In Greek mythology, Mt. Olympos was the home of the greatest of the Greek gods and goddesses.
The ancient Olympic Games began in the year 776 BC, when Koroibos, a cook from the nearby city of Elis, won the stadion race, a foot race 600 feet long. The stadion track at Olympia is shown here. According to some literary traditions, this was the only athletic event of the games for the first 13 Olympic festivals or until 724 BC. From 776 BC, the Games were held in Olympia every four years for almost 12 centuries.
Contrary evidence, both literary and archaeological, suggests that the games may have existed at Olympia much earlier than this date, perhaps as early as the 10th or 9th century BC.
The marathon was NOT an event of the ancient Olympic games. The marathon is a modern event that was first introduced in the Modern Olympic Games of 1896 in Athens, a race from Marathon northeast of Athens to the Olympic Stadium, a distance of 40 kilometers.
The race commemorates the run of Pheidippides, an ancient "day-runner" who carried the news of the Persian landing at Marathon of 490 B.C. to Sparta (a distance of 149 miles) in order to enlist help for the battle. According to the fifth century B.C.ancient Greek historian Herodotus, Pheidippides delivered the news to the Spartans the next day.
The distance of the modern marathon was standardized as 26 miles 385 yards or 42.195 km. in 1908 when the Olympic Games were held in London. The distance was the exact measurement between Windsor Castle, the start of the race, and the finish line inside White City Stadium.
NUDITY AT THE GAMES?
There are two stories relating to the question of nudity at the ancient Olympic Games. One story states that it was a runner from Megara, Orsippos or Orrhippos who, in 720 B.C. was the first to run naked in the stadion race when he lost his shorts in the race. Another tradition is that it was the Spartans who introduced nudity to the Olympic Games in the 8th century B.C. as it was a Spartan tradition. It is not clear if the very first recorded victor at Olympia, Koroibos, who won the stadion race in 776 B.C. wore shorts or not. It seems fairly clear that by the late 8th century nudity was common for the male contestants.
FROM ANCIENT TO MODERN
Although the ancient Games were staged in Olympia, Greece, from 776 BC through 393 AD, it took 1503 years for the Olympics to return. The first modern Olympics were held in Athens, Greece, in 1896. The man responsible for its rebirth was a Frenchman named Baron Pierre de Coubertin, who presented the idea in 1894. His original thought was to unveil the modern Games in 1900 in his native Paris, but delegates from 34 countries were so enthralled with the concept that they convinced him to move the Games up to 1896 and have Athens serve as the first host.
THE OLYMPIC FLAME
The idea of the Olympic torch or Olympic Flame was first inaugurated in the 1928 Olympic Games in Amsterdam. There was no torch relay in the ancient Olympic Games. There were known, however, torch relays in other ancient Greek athletic festivals including those held at Athens. The modern Olympic torch relay was first instituted at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin.
The Olympic Oath was introduced in 1920.